I met Clare Hunter, author of Threads of Life: A History of the World Through the Eye of a Needle, at her flat in Glasgow. Clare loves doing research, which is obvious in the pages of her new book. At its simplest level, Threads of Life is a history of sewing and embroidery, but Clare tells this history through the stories of the men and women who have, over centuries and across continents, used the language of sewing to make their voices heard. Viewing these narratives, some produced in the most desperate of circumstances, makes it clear that Threads of Life is about so much more than craft and artistry. It is a chronicle of identity, memory, protest, and politics, and of the people who made the textiles celebrated in this volume.
The book begins with Clare’s journey to see the famous Bayeux Tapestry. A rare survivor of medieval stitchery, the 58 scenes of the embroidered narrative cloth encapsulate political storytelling through recounting the story of the 1066 Battle of Hastings. The story is, of course, told from the victor’s viewpoint, but it fascinates Clare that for such a major work, its origins and the identity of those who stitched it are unknown.
“For its first 500 years, the Bayeux Tapestry languished in obscurity, but it’s now recognized as a precious cultural relic and is on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register,” she told me. “Until I started writing Threads of Life, I’d never been to Bayeux, but I just had to see the tapestry for myself. I wasn’t disappointed. In the darkened room, the river of a textile, stitched in wool on cream linen, led me along, but it was the smallest details which drew me in: the pattern on a small cushion, the emblem on a shield, and the liquid spill from a pitcher.”
Clare continues, “The story on the tapestry is a real drama of war, but there is a suggestion that female stitchers covertly inserted images, slipping in their own personal testimonies of life after invasion. Over the years, the tapestry has come close to destruction several times and was saved for its propaganda value not its stitching.”
Although the stories in Threads of Life aren’t specifically about the techniques used to create the many textiles that it celebrates, it certainly helps that Clare speaks the “language of stitch.” Clare explains, “I have been involved with textiles as a community artist, exhibition curator, and banner maker for about 30 years. In 1986, I set up NeedleWorks in Glasgow and worked with people of all ages and cultures. We used sewing as a way to celebrate local history, document community experiences, and share personal concerns through the creation of wall hangings and banners.”
In Clare’s most recent project, Material Matters, 10 people stitched small wall hangings to capture the stories of textiles that were precious to them. People are at the heart of both the Needleworks and Material Matters projects, and they also take center stage in Threads of Life, which resonates with personal stories: The treasonous stitching of Mary Queen of Scots; the headscarves embroidered with the names of “the disappeared,” which were worn by grieving mothers in the 1970s in Argentina; the scraps of cloth left at the foundling museum in London; and patchworks made by the prisoners of war in Singapore. All use textiles to tell stories that could not be written down at the time.
Thanks to her research, Clare was also able to unearth links between some textiles. She says, “I found the same name stitched on a number of World War II textiles stitched in a POW camp in Singapore and was able to tell the owner of some of them that his mother’s name was also on a piece in the Imperial War Museum.”
Threads of Life and its author both use the voice of embroidery to tell a story and to explore the power of sewing. It is a compelling and entertaining read, even for those with no interest in sewing.
Find out more about Clare Hunter’s projects and explore some of the themes of her book on her website, www.sewingmatters.co.uk. Threads of Life was published in the United Kingdom in February 2019 and will be available in the United States on October 1, 2019.
Kathy Troup, born in the north of England, has lived in Scotland for many years. She edited a U.K. published stitching magazine for seventeen years and continues to write about the subjects she loves.
Featured Image: Detail of the Mull wall hanging, which contains stories collected from the elderly residents from the Scottish island of Mull. Photo courtesy of Clare Hunter.