Postcard from Scotland: Scottish Crewelwork from Glamis Castle

Phillipa Turnbull’s crewelwork designs are based on the original needlework she finds in the British castles and country houses that she has spent her career exploring.

Kathy Troup Apr 19, 2019 - 8 min read

Postcard from Scotland: Scottish Crewelwork from Glamis Castle Primary Image

Glamis Castle

From Hogmanay (New Year’s Eve) to Burns Day (a celebration of the work of poet Robert Burns), the Scottish are certainly no strangers to a good party. But everything can’t be about parties, so what better way to celebrate a special occasion than with an exquisite piece of crewelwork?

That’s exactly what Phillipa Turnbull of The Crewelwork Company thought when the engagement of Britain’s Prince Harry and America’s Meghan Markle was announced. “They are such a lovely couple. I wanted to design a piece that would commemorate their marriage,” she told me. Phillipa’s crewelwork designs are based on the original needlework she finds in the British castles and country houses that she has spent her career exploring. Thanks to the work she has undertaken at Glamis Castle in Angus, Scotland, the ancestral home of HRH The Queen Mother, Phillipa was able to draw on her knowledge of the embroidered motifs found on the bedhead, hangings, and bedspread in The Queen Mother’s Bedchamber for her pillow design.

crewel work

Phillipa and her recreation of The Queen Mother’s bedspread. Photo courtesy of Glamis Castle, Glamis, Angus, Scotland.

The bedhead was embroidered by The Queen Mother’s mother, Cecilia, the Countess of Strathmore. Cecilia, extremely creative and a brilliant embroiderer and designer, produced ten much-loved children. On the marriage of her ninth child, Elizabeth, to the then Duke of York (who later became King George VI on the abdication of his brother), she gave her daughter and son-in-law a set of apartments in Glamis Castle and these very special bed hangings. Unfortunately, the bedspread was lost, and for many years, the bed was covered with a patchwork bedspread. That changed in 2000 when Cecilia’s great-nephew, the Earl of Kinghorne and Strathmore, commissioned Phillipa to re-create a bedspread for The Queen Mother’s bed.

Phillipa recalls, “I was delighted to accept the challenge even though the original bedspread had disappeared, and all I had to work from was a photo found in an old book and the embroidered bedhead, which was still in place. As the mother of HRH Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Cecilia was the maternal grandmother and godmother of our present Queen Elizabeth II, and of course the great-great-grandmother of Prince Harry, so there are family links to Glamis Castle. The motifs on the pillow are taken from the bedhead where Cecilia embroidered the Thistle of Scotland, the Rose of England, and the Crown of Royalty. The ‘S’ stands for Strathmore, their ancient Scottish family who supported King James VI when he traveled south and took the English crown in 1603.”


Phillipa’s crewelwork pillow

Phillipa’s crewelwork pillow commemorating the May 19, 2018, wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle. Photo courtesy of The Crewelwork Company.

The embroidery in the pillow replicates historic Scottish crewelwork stitches and techniques as worked during the Arts and Crafts movement. These stitches are: closed fly, crewel stem, satin, padded satin, French knots, pistil, and long and short as “soft shading.” Phillipa’s pillow design is available as a kit, and she is currently stitching the design for The Royal Wedding Stitch-a-Long. Stitchers who are embroidering the kits have been invited to join in the stitch-a-long by posting their progress on her website ( or by emailing the photos to them. The stitch-a-long has become a very interactive event as Phillipa uploads regular blogs to show the progress that she’s making and also to demonstrate the techniques used.

The Crewelwork Company

Phillipa stitching. Photo courtesy of The Crewelwork Company.

“Harriet Roberts from Memphis in Tennessee is one of the people stitching the pillow design, and it’s developed into a bit of a race to see who will finish first,” Phillipa explains. “I know Harriet well as she comes on my historic stitching retreats that tour castles and stately homes in England and Scotland. Harriet stitches beautifully, and she’s also fast. I suspect that she will win, as the stitch-a-long will finish on the wedding day, May 19, 2018. On that day, I’ll be in Bath, a beautiful city in England, with a group on one of my stitching tours. Everyone in the group will put the final few stitches into the pillow—possibly while we’re watching the wedding on TV.”

Phillipa continues, “I’m delighted to say that proceeds of the sale of this kit will be donated to Heads Together (, a mental-health initiative spearheaded by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry.”

The Strathmore family is very happy to know that Cecilia’s designs are appreciated by both visitors to the castle and those re-creating her beautiful needlework in far-away lands. This new pillow could end up at Glamis Castle with the work of Cecilia whose work provided the inspiration for Phillipa’s design.

—Kathy Troup

P.S. I first met Phillipa Turnbull at Glamis Castle when I was writing an article about her work on the bedspread about twenty years ago. It was a freezing cold day in February, and the castle car park was covered in thick ice, so we slid and tottered across the car park trying our best not to fall. The castle was not open to the public at that time of year, so there was no heating. Phillipa had been to the castle a number of times before so she was well prepared for the freezing temperatures, and I took a number of photographs of her fitting the bedspread wearing thick gloves and a big fur hat! I wasn’t quite so well prepared, but it still felt very special (cold—but special!) to be allowed private access to the castle.

Kathy Troup, born in the north of England, has lived in Scotland for many years. She edited a U.K.-published stitching magazine for seventeen years and continues to write about the subjects she loves.

To learn more about The Royal Wedding Stitch-a-Long, visit For information on Glamis Castle, visit Are you new to crewelwork? Learn how to create this fabulous needlework in the book Beginner's Guide to Crewelwork Embroidery: 33 Stitches and Techniques for Crewelwork . Read the article Phillipa cowrote with her daughter, Laura Turnbull, “A Treasure Trove: The Textiles at Muncaster Castle” in PieceWork’s July/August 2016 issue. Read the entire "Postcards from Scotland" series!

Featured Image: Glamis Castle. Photo courtesy of Glamis Castle.