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Knit an Eighteenth-Century “Latrine Hat”

I developed this pattern after close examination of the artifact “latrine” hat excavated at the Fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, Canada. Log in to reveal this subscriber-exclusive pattern.

Barbara Kelly-Landry Apr 13, 2020 - 5 min read

Knit an Eighteenth-Century “Latrine Hat” Primary Image

A trio of latrine hats shown in (from left) Eco Andean DK in Pacific, Cream overdyed with yarrow by the author, and Dark Matter. Photos by Matt Graves

Estelle Eco Andean yarn suits the latrine hat pattern I developed in a number of ways. Like the original, it is a two-ply wool yarn, and it also has a worsted-spun quality and loft that is similar to handspun. After trying a number of yarns, I found it to be the best commercial yarn option to re-create the look and feel of the original hat.

Over the years I have made a number of latrine hats for the costume department at the Fortress of Louisbourg. Several of the male interpreters wear their hats on a daily basis as part of their costume. The hats shown here will also be worn by one of the staff members in the future.

Read more about the hat that inspired this historic re-creation in “The Hat in the Latrine: Unraveling the Secrets of Eighteenth-Century Life in Cape Breton,” PieceWork Summer 2020. Log in to reveal this subscriber-exclusive pattern. —Editor


  • Estelle Yarns Eco Andean DK, 100% Peruvian Highland Wool, DK-weight, 383 yards (350 m)/3.5 ounces (100 gram), 1 skein
  • Needles, size 2 (2.75 mm) circ 16 inches (40 cm) and set of double-pointed needles. Adjust size as needed to obtain gauge
  • Marker
  • Tapestry needle

Finished Size: Blue, Yellow, and Green hats: about 19¼ (21, 23) inches [48.8 (53.6, 58.5) cm] in circumference
Gauge: 25 sts = 4 inches (10.2 cm) in St st
Note: An earlier version of the pattern had incomplete size information. We regret our error. The PDF has been updated, too.


Crown detail of Barbara’s yarrow-dyed latrine hat.

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